Amos Tutuola’s Character Presentation Is As Varied As In A Novel

Tutuola’s substantial and credible character presentation:

In spite of their simplicity, Tutuola’s principal characters are substantial and credible. The Palmwine Drinkard, is clearly established in the reader’s mind as a shrewd, witty, easy-going Yoruba. Because of his inordinate appetite for palm wine and his magical powers he looks like a larger than life figure. All along we follow his quest with interest and empathy for his struggling through. But his wife doesn’t as much as marginally come off. She makes no impact on the reader. The little revealed of her is from the episode of the complete gentleman when she is described as: “… very beautiful as an angel but no man could convince her for marriage.” Up to the Drinkard’s announcement of his marriage to her, little more about her was known. Not as much as a word was said to have come from her. Neither was any kind of regret expressed for her mistake. She has therefore failed to express neither a view nor an emotion to prove her existence.

Simbi, who for Collins is “a more substantial and credible character,” [P.29] comes off well because of the good deal of light shown on her throughout the romance. Many of her qualities are boldly outlined. She is the daughter of a wealthy woman. She is an only child and has been brought up in luxury. She is also a lovely girl with a fine singing voice. But Simbi grows weary of her pleasant life and longs to experience. “….the Poverty and the “Punishment.” She prays to know the meaning of poverty and punishment and her dangerous prayer is quickly answered. At first she is a fun-lover. Being the only issue of her wealthy mother who brought her up in luxury, she was not working at all, except to eat and to bathe and then to wear several kinds of the costliest garments. She spends most of her time singing in the village where she is reputed to be the most beautiful and the most merry making girl.” with her fine singing voice to match.

As she and her two friends Rali and Sala, are inseparably linked: “they would not be happy without seeing each other in a moment.”[SSDJ P7] So on losing her friends, she is shattered emotionally. Now turned gloomy and pessimistic, she longs for a different life through which she will experience poverty and punishment. Her quest for these bring in her sobering changes. In the end she learns an important lesson – never to disobey her parents. She not only profits personally from the experience but also ensures that the message is spread out to all and sundry. She now goes from house to house “warning all the children that it was a great mistake to a girl who did not obey her parents” [S.S.D.J.p.136

Of all Simbi's friends only Bako has real individuality. She comes off as a comical and paranoid figure-living the experiences of her twin partner, however far off she may be. As she says: "If she steals something at home thus I too will steal something." [ S.S.D.J.p.48]

The Satyr, though apparently monstrous, emerges as a compelling figure. When seen in the darkness with his “goggling” eyes illuminating the area, and his great and horrible voice looming out, his victims are frightened out of their wits. Most of his statements such as this one portraying an unscrupulous and blood thirsty being could be seen in: “I believe that two ladies shall come back to this jungle and I shall kill both of them at all costs, at any day I meet them. It is certain they are my meat” [SSDJp80]

Ajaiyi in Ajaiyi and His Inherited Poverty comes off well simply because of his moral development. His original quest to annul his poverty by whatever means makes itself available leads to his resolute stance at the devil’s abode against acquiring wealth through devilish intrigues such as sacrificing his sister and shortening his lifespan. One would have thought, regardless of his strong attachment to his sister, his original determination to acquire wealth could have led him to move towards that end without any scruples. When first introduced to him, we are given the impression that we are encountering yet another of Tutuola’s super-humans for he is said to have lived another life “about two hundred years ago when he first came to this world through another father and mother By that time I was a boy and not a girl, by that time I was the poorest farmer and not as a story teller, by that time I was the most wicked gentile and the strongest worshipper of all the false Gods and not a Christian, by that time I was the poorest among the people of my village and not the richest…… [A.H.I.P. p11]

Though portrayed as a “wicked gentile and the strongest worshipper of all the false god’s “Ajaiyi throughout the romance projects an image to the contrary. In his transactions with his pawn brokers and his relationship with his treacherous friend, Ade, he remains patient, benevolent and forgiving. Even when Ade proves treacherous, he still remains devoted to him by “trying all my best to see that he was released by the King”, when detained, and even when dead he sits down near his body, driving away flies from it and “weeping bitterly for the death of my friend” [A.H.I.P. Pp65-6]

Unfortunately, so much could not be said for the development of Aina’s individuality. Only in the episode of the Kola Tree are we obliged just a cursory glimpse of her. She presents there the picture of an accommodating, merciful and tender-hearted person. Once she has shown her offender the dangers of her deeds she is content on having the matter resolved. She ends the conflict pleading:. It will be a great pity if this daughter is killed with a vengeance in respect of my kola-nut tree which was cut down when her mother Babi insisted to take the head of her broken pitcher back ten years ago. Her mother did that so that I might not get the kola nuts to sell again. So now, I believe if we continue to pay bad for bad, bad shall never finish on earth! Therefore, I forgive Babi what she had done to my Kola-nut tree! [A.H.I.P. p82]

Yet another credible character is the Witch Mother. At first she appears pleasant and benevolent. Despite Ajaiyi and his friends’ breaking into her house uninvited and starting to run about pursued by the mysterious lumps of iron, she does not react irascibly. She rather helps in stopping them. But later on she is shown off for the vicious person she really is. She is, by her own confession, the most wicked witch. She takes the life of even her own prodigy to sacrifice to her fellow witches. In the end she escapes the Spirits’ intrigue through sheer cunning.

In Tutuola, man is at odds with hostile elements, the jungle, vicious monsters and supernatural beings. In these situations man always emerges as capable and able to confront or even circumvent the menaces of those inimical forces. The Drinkard, Simbi and Ajaiyi all triumph over the wild monsters and spirits of the impenetrable jungle that their quests lead them to. These triumphs are marked off by noble deeds of moral dimension. The Drinkard settles the cosmic quarrel between the Sky God and the Earth Goddess, thus ending the famine which tormented his town. Simbi saves her town “from the ravages of Dogo” the heartless slave-raider and warns others from disobeying their parents’ advice; Ajaiyi, on running into wealth, uses his money to build churches in his and his benefactors’ villages and dedicates himself to spreading virtue and the message of God abroad. All the heroes grow spiritually as well. In the end Drinkard understands the meaning of life and death. Simbi emerges with a vivid experience of the agony of poverty and punishment and the ills of defying parental advice, Ajaiyi comes off with a strong conviction that money is the root of all evils. These profound knowledge acquired equip them to live better lives thereafter. In effect the journey through all the varying territories are processes of spiritual purification.

Didactic and moral values of Tutuola’s romances:

Tutuola’s romances show strong didactic values as well. Various episodes bear lessons for the reader. In The Palm Wine Drinkard, the episode of the “Complete Gentleman” demonstrates the folly of disobeying parents, for it leads the lady to harrowing experiences with the skulls. The deceptiveness of appearances alluded to in “all that glitters is not gold” is vividly exemplified by the gradual degeneration of the beauty’ of the Complete Gentleman. How dangerous it is to disobey parental advice is discerned in Simbi and the Satyr of the Dark Jungle.. This is because:”the dog which will lose will not pay heed to the call of its master” Simbi, realizing her mistake in the course of the book, admits. “If I were not a silly person I should have obeyed my mother’s and other person’s warning” .

Ajaiyi and his Inherited Poverty has the greater number of episodes bearing moral lessons of all of Tutuola’s works. At the Creator’s abode the virtues of honesty are extolled through the demonstration of the direful fate awaiting the dishonest after death. Ajaiyi also learns through his visit that the pursuit of wealth is the root of all evils in the world. He therefore avoids selling his soul to the devil though he has to be in the burden of this talking lump.

Ajaiyi and his sister learn after their capture by the kidnapper how useful it is to ask questions whenever one is in doubt. Their trouble could have been avoided if only they had asked their father the meaning of “Remember the Day after Tomorrow.” The reprehensibility of jealousy is shown when Babi’s jealously forcing Aina to cut her productive kola-nut-tree nearly led to the decapitation of her (Babi’s) daughter’s head. This is only forestalled by Aina’s realization that “if we continue to pay bad for bad, bad shall never finish on earth” and she thus forgives her.

How to Make the Most of Debt Negotiation Firms and Settle Your Debts

Obviously, the generic proletariat is not going to be able to financially afford all of their bills as soon as they are needed. This is a big reason that financial loans are readily available to the public. The problem with this method, is that the bills will not stop coming in at the rate that they are currently being produced, but your interest rates on these loans will also continue to increase. The result of this action, being that you are not only increasing the end result of your current debt, but also further demolishing your credit ratings.

Creditors are not here to make this process easier for the consumer. Although they are willing to negotiate a debt with a debt negotiation firm, they will not advertise these services to their clients. The process in which a debt negotiation firm is involved, is referred to as the debt settlement. The debt settlement process is a way for a person who is minimally around 3-6 months behind on their payments, to reduce the overall debt by negotiating with the creditors. If you are under a severe amount of financial hardship, the creditors will usually work with your negotiation firm to find a common ground.

Finding a good debt negotiation firm is also very important. You need to research the fees of the firm before you sign any kind of contract with them. If the firm’s fees are too much for you to be able to maintain along with your other priorities, you should continue your search. A good site to validate your negotiation firm is the Better Business Bureau. This may sound a little confusing because of the “fees” that a negotiation firm requires.

However, an advantage of hiring a debt settlement lawyer from one of these firms, is that they will usually be able to negotiate with the creditors to come up with an amount that is less than what you can work out with them yourself. Although you may witness your credit ratings decrease at first, the results of your effort will soon be shown in the reversal of credit reports. You are not alone in the battle to the ocean’s surface, you CAN take control of the debt that you have accumulated over the years. Debt negotiation firms and settlement attorneys are readily available, you just need to know where to find them an the correct way to go about utilizing them.

What Is Credit Card Debt Negotiation?

Today millions of people throughout the world are dealing with the overwhelming challenge of credit card debt. While debt consolidation loans and balance transfer are strategies utilized by many people to deal with the immediate cash flow issues, these strategies do nothing to reduce the total amount of outstanding consumer debt. In reality, more consumers should consider credit card debt negotiation as a tool for improving monthly cash flow and reducing the overall amount of carried debt.

The negotiation process begins by communicating with your current creditors. These communications need to clearly articulate no only your current financial situation and inability to repay at the current terms, but also a clear request of how you need your debts to be restructured. The most common form of credit card debt negotiation involves negotiating a lowered APR to reduce the amount of monthly interest accrual. At the heart of this process, the creditor and the debtor work together to formulate a plan that allows the debtor to fully repay their debt, while still protecting the interests of the lending institution. Successful negotiations will not only eliminate issues of delinquency on the part of the borrower, but it will also save the borrower a substantial amount of accrued interest.

If you are unable to negotiate an acceptable settlement on your own, it may become necessary to bring a third party to assist in this process. The two most common resources for credit card debt negotiation are consumer credit counseling organizations and professionals who specialize in consumer law. The expertise and experience that these outside parties bring to the table can be beneficial in creating a settlement that is equitable for all parties involved. In many cases the use of an outside third party can greatly reduce the total amount of outstanding debt that is required to be repaid.

Consumer counseling services will typically work directly with lending institutions, acting as a mediator between the debtor and the lender. The counseling service will typically work to establish a monthly budget with the borrower and will then negotiate a reduced principal and interest payment with the creditors. In this form of credit card negotiation, the borrow will make a monthly payment to the counseling service. The counseling service will then divide that payment between the creditors. When the balance is paid off on one account that amount is rolled over to another account each month, generally determined by the highest rate of APR.

The second method of third party negotiation is often referred to as credit card litigation. In this type of debt negotiation strategy, the debtor seeks legal remedies to relieve their debt obligations. Even though most people would assume this means bankruptcy filings, that is a common misconception. In reality, this type of negotiation uses legal filings and at times the court system to create a remedy to the unresolved debt liability.

Whether you handle the process yourself or utilize the services of a third party, don’t overlook the opportunity that credit card negotiation presents for reducing your overall debt and increasing your monthly cash flow.